Reasons Why Trauma Patients Request for Discharge against Medical Advice in Wesley Guild Hospital Ilesha
Background: The aim of this study was to find out the reasons why trauma victims with Orthopaedic injuries take their discharge against medical advice.
Methods: This was a prospective study conducted on Trauma victims presenting to the Wesley Guild Hospital Ilesha who took their discharge against medical advice (DAMA) over a 2 year period. A questionnaire was designed that was used to retrieve information on the patients biodata, their injuries and the reasons why they DAMA.
Results: A total of 49 patients were interviewed over this period. The mean age of the patients was 36.7 years. Students (22.4%), traders (20.4%) and artisans (24.5%) were commonly involved in this practice. Eighteen (36.7%) of the respondents claimed to have taken DAMA due to hospital cost, 18 (36.7%) also DAMA because of their believe in Traditional Bone Setters. Eleven patients (22.4%) simply said they want treatment near home while one patient each gave the fear of amputation and hospital protocol as their reasons for DAMA.
Conclusion: Cost of treatment and believe in traditional bone setters were the 2 main reasons why most patients with fracture DAMA. Measures to reduce the cost of treatment and patient’s education about the dangers with unorthodox treatment of fractures and dislocations should help to reduce this behaviour.
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