Colostomy for Anorectal Malformation in a Tertiary Center in Nigeria
Background: Anorectal malformations constitute a wide spectrum of congenital anorectal abnormalities ranging from absent anus to anal membranes and fistulae. It is one major indication for the creation of colostomy in early neonatal life. This study was aimed at o describe and highlight the place of colostomy in the management of anorectal malformations. This article also reviews the issues relating to the choice of colostomy in anorectal malformation and common complications.
Methods. The study was a prospective study carried put at a tertiary medical centre in Nigeria. It involved patients with a anaorectal malformation requiring the creation of colostomy.
Results: A total of 19 neonates with anorectal malformation was seen over the period. The male to female ratio was approximately 1:2 with a female preponderance. Rectovestibular fistula was the commonest indication in females while recto-urethral fistula was commonest indication in males. Elective colostomy accounted for 78.9%.
Conclusion: Anorectal malformation is the commonest indication for the creation of colostomy; this is closely followed by hircshsprungs disease. It is usually a part of the staged repair of anorectal malformation.
The use of colostomy is acceptable as important in the initial management of patients with anorectal malformation. This affords the neonates the ability to feed and evacuate from the stoma. Complications are common and not life-threatening.
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